The Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Supervision decided to introduce temporary restrictions on the transit through Russia of poultry meat produced at US enterprises from November 20, 2018. Such a decision was made by the Service in connection with the threat of entering the Russian market from Kazakhstan of products of unknown origin, as well as products made from raw materials of unknown origin. This development is possible due to the absence in the Republic of Kazakhstan of an internal system of traceability of movement of goods controlled by state veterinary supervision and non-compliance with the timing of integration of information systems.
In October of this year, the territorial Departments of the Rosselkhoznadzor suspended the movement of 7 batches of American poultry following to the Republic of Kazakhstan from the United States due to the identification of a number of violations. In particular, veterinary certificates were issued for a part of the products by the American side at a time when the products themselves were already in the ports of the European Union. In addition, a certain amount of poultry meat entered the territory of the EAEU with an already completed shelf life.
In addition, in poultry meat produced by the American enterprises Mountaire Farms Incorporated and the Equity Group-Kentucky Division, residues of drugs were identified - tetracycline and nitrofuran materobolites.
In this regard, the Rosselkhoznadzor made a decision to return to the territory of the European Union, from where the cargo arrived, all the shipments with a total weight of 185 tons.
At the end of October, the Rosselkhoznadzor informed the Committee of Veterinary Control and Supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan about cases of detection of inappropriate poultry products imported through the territory of Russia to the Republic of Kazakhstan from the United States.
According to the legislation of the Eurasian Economic Commission, the Republic of Kazakhstan for 10 days after receiving the notification from the Rosselkhoznadzor, was obliged to change the status of these American companies in the Register - the list of enterprises that have the right to import products into the EEU countries. However, until now, their status has not been changed on the official website of the Committee for Veterinary Control and Supervision of Kazakhstan and, therefore, the products of Mountaire Farms Incorporated and Equity Group-Kentucky Division are allowed to be supplied to the Republic of Kazakhstan without any restrictions.
In addition, it should be noted that when the Republic of Kazakhstan joined the Marrakesh Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994, in Burabay on October 16, 2015, the Presidents of the EAEU member states signed a Protocol on some issues of import and circulation of goods for the customs territory of the Eurasian Economic Union
The protocol determined the specifics of regulating the importation and circulation of certain types of goods in the customs territory of the Eurasian Economic Union in connection with the accession of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the World Trade Organization.
One of the points of this Protocol was determined that the Republic of Kazakhstan undertakes to introduce on its territory the system for ensuring the traceability of goods subject to veterinary control approved by all other EAEU member states. This requirement applies to products for which requirements other than those included in the EAEU regulations are applied. The data on the traceability of these goods and the products manufactured from them must be transmitted to the appropriate national system of the Member State on whose territory this consignment of goods is transferred. Import of the above goods without transferring data to the national system is not allowed.
However, to date, the traceability system in the Republic of Kazakhstan (the EASU information system) has not received the approval of all the EAEU member states.
Meanwhile, deliveries from the USA to the Republic of Kazakhstan are carried out according to a veterinary certificate different from the requirements of the Eurasian Economic Union.
Rosselkhoznadzor asked the Kazakh side to clarify how the traceability of goods that do not meet the requirements of the EAEU is carried out, if the veterinary certificates in the EASU system do not contain references to raw materials and materials used in their manufacture, and certificates of form No. 4 are issued without any information systems.
No response was received from the Kazakh side.
In this regard, the Rosselkhoznadzor cannot guarantee that products imported as part of transit from the US to Kazakhstan are safe and will not harm consumers, and also, due to the absence of a traceability system in Kazakhstan, fears that such products may be imported into other participating countries EAEU illegally.
In this regard, the Rosselkhoznadzor considers it necessary to organize consultations at the site of the Eurasian Economic Commission with the participation of representatives of the Republic of Belarus on the issue of ensuring traceability and confirming the use of imported poultry meat in Kazakhstan